Social Capital and Conflict Management – Lessons Learned and Options for Minimizing Resource Use Conflicts
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ECAPAPA. 2005. Social Capital and Conflict Management – Lessons Learned and Options for Minimizing Resource Use Conflicts. ECAPAPA Policy Brief No. 6. ECAPAPA/ASARECA, Entebbe, Uganda.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/49643
The paper examines the linkage between social capital and good governance; provides examples of positive and negative effects of social capital and suggests strategies for integrating social capital considerations in conflict management.
Productive and sustainable agriculture can only result from the sustainable utilization and management of the natural resources that carry it. This, however, is usually obstructed by conflicts among intervening decision makers and their different interests regarding the many potential forms and ends to use such resources. The risk and danger of these conflicts are increased in situations of high population or market pressures, non-responsive policies and the resulting unaccountable decision-making, which are not uncommon regionally. Conflicts related to natural resources then, and their causes constitute central issues in the drive of ASARECA and ECAPAPA because they effectively diminish the present and potential contributions over time of those resources to the goals of economic growth, food security and export competitiveness. Thus, the search for solutions, or ways to manage these conflicts, constitutes a proper investment to improve the present and future accessibility, productivity and sustainability of the natural resource base for regional development. It was against this background that ECAPAPA, in collaboration with partner networks, programmes and projects under ASARECA and also with International Agricultural Research Centres, embarked on a competitive research grant of the project on, “Natural Resource Management and Use: Conflict Minimising Strategies”. This Policy Brief presents some of the lessons learned from research work related to social capital, governance and conflict management in eastern and central Africa (ECA) . Social capital is related to social norms, networks and trust that promote cooperation within and between communities. The paper examines the linkage between social capital and good governance; provides examples of positive and negative effects of social capital and suggests strategies for integrating social capital considerations in conflict management.