Assessment of the factors affecting farmers' choice of the production system in urban and peri urban dairy production system in Addis Ababa milk shed
MetadataПоказать полную информацию
Permanent link to cite or share this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10568/50210
In this study available genetic resources and breeding systems used by dairy farmers in urban and peri-urban dairy production systems in, Addis Ababa milk shed were assessed. Results of the study indicated that: about 57%, 31 % and 10% of secondary town, peri urban and intra-urban farmers like to have crossbred, pure temperate and high grade animals for dairy production respectively. Among pure temperate breeds about 77% of the farmers like to have Friesian breed. The choice of breeds was mostly determined by milk yield potential, (56%) followed by feed consumption combined with milk yield (17%). The remaining few farmers combine milk yield, quality and disease resistance. The types of mating, system in all production systems are both AI and NS. About 19%, 50% and 45% of intraurban, peri-urban and , secondary town, farmers, combine AI and NS respectively. AI alone is used by, 25%, 50% and 12% of secondary town peri-urban and intra-urban farmers, respectively. 69% of intra-urban, and 30% pf secondary town farmers use natural mating alone. The choices of mating types in most cases are determined by increased milk yield, availability of service and reproductive efficiency. Most of Intra-urban (67%) and secondary town (80%) used crossbreed sire for natural mating, while pure temperate sire is used by more of peri-urban (50%) and some of intra-urban and secondary town farmers. Few farmers use, grade sire for NS. From these farmers that use Al about 50% of intra-urban and secondary, town farmers need to have back-up bulls while using Al. The majority of intra-urban (60%) and few of secondary town (17%) farmers preferred semen from bulls selected at Kaliti. However, all of peri-urban and 40% of intra-urban farmers preferred imported semen and or semen from imported bulls. More than 50% of secondary town farmers have not shown any preference toward. the sources of semen. Most of infra urban farmers (> 75%) select good bull for milk production and reproductive efficiency based on previous offspring's performance. More than 50% of secondary town farmers combine offspring dam's and sister's performance to select bull. About 94% of intra-urban, 68% of secondary town and 50% of peri-urban farmers used dairy farm to get cash income from sale of milk. Few farmers keep dairy animals to get income and utilise resources and / or labor.
- ILRI archive