ERO review of the outcome of Phase 1 negotiations
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CTA. 2003. ERO review of the outcome of Phase 1 negotiations. Agritrade, November 2003. CTA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/52771
A recent briefing by the European Research Office reviews the outcome ...
A recent briefing by the European Research Office reviews the outcome of the Phase 1 negotiations in the six priority areas identified by the ACP: market-access issues; agriculture and fisheries issues; development issues; trade in services; trade-related areas; legal issues. It considers the areas discussed, the areas of convergence and the areas of divergence. It then reviews the overall outcome of Phase 1 and the Commission's proposals for the conduct of Phase 2 negotiations. On market-access issues it identifies the following areas of divergence: the need for a non-punitive alternative for non-LDC ACP members, so that no ACP state is worse off 'whether or not ACP countries participate in EPAs'; the need for a five-year moratorium on the commencement of tariff dismantling by ACP countries; the linking of the implementation of tariff dismantlement to the attainment of certain development indicators by ACP countries; revision of the rules of origin. On agriculture and fisheries issues it identifies the following areas of divergence: on the need for effective programmes of support for processing, marketing, distribution and transport prior to the implementation of EPAs; the need for a standstill on EU SPS measures for five to ten years and the establishment of a detailed dialogue on how genuine EU health concerns can be addressed; the need to comprehensively address CAP distortions linked to the new systems of farm support that the EU is creating; addressing the impact of CAP reform on the value of existing preferences; the need for an ACP-EU framework for fisheries agreements. On development issues it identifies the following areas of divergence: the need for additional resources to support necessary economic restructuring; the need to improve the deployment and effectiveness of EU aid instruments. the sequencing of regional integration and market opening towards the EU; issues in EU assistance to fiscal and economic restructuring. On trade in services it identifies the following areas of divergence: the need for additional funds to support service-sector development in ACP countries; the opening up of the free movement of persons within any agreement on trade in services; the scope of trade in services negotiations. On trade-related areas it identifies the following areas of divergence: the scope of negotiations on trade-related areas; the centrality of capacity building in ACP countries around these issues prior to the launch of any negotiations. On legal issues it identifies the following areas of divergence: the outcome of Phase 1; the need for additional resources; the need for a modification of WTO rules on free-trade areas; dispute settlement; the need for a non-execution clause in a trade agreement. Comment: The paper gives a useful review of the areas of divergence in tabular form and provides some insights into the underlying causes of divergence.