Mixed farming and yams
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CTA. 2004. Mixed farming and yams. Rural Radio Resource Pack 04/01. Wageningen, The Netherlands: CTA.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/57254
Nkosu Ephraim, a plant health specialist from Cameroon, describes land preparation methods, timing of weed control, and limitations that apply to herbicides and animal traction.
Cue: When clearing land for cultivation, one of the most simple and cheap methods to use is burning. However, despite being a popular and traditional farming practice in many parts of Africa, burning does have some unfortunate side effects. While it may destroy weed seeds, and therefore reduce weed levels in future crops, is also destroys organic matter in the topsoil, making the soil more prone to erosion and less able to hold water. Burning also kills plants and animals, some of which may be useful pest predators. If farmers want to avoid burning, what alternatives are there? Simply turning over the soil to bury the unwanted plants is possible, but deep ploughing can be more effective. This pushes weeds and weed seeds deep into the soil, making them less able to compete with young crop plants. Of course when the weeds do emerge, they still need to be dealt with. To find out more about weed control options available to small scale farmers, Martha Chindong spoke to Nkosu Ephraim, who is in charge of plant health services in the North West province of Cameroon. IN: ?To start off when farmers ? OUT: ?few farms they will harvest.? DUR?N 5?34?