Charcoal briquettes for brooding chicks
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CTA. 2008. Charcoal briquettes for brooding chicks. Rural Radio Resource Pack 08/3. Wageningen, The Netherlands: CTA.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/57424
Briquettes made from waste charcoal dust
Charcoal briquettes for brooding chicks Cue: Minimising costs is an essential part of any successful business. For those who rear poultry, feed is normally the biggest cost. Farmers may be able to reduce this cost by making use of waste products from certain agro-industries, such as brewing. In the right mixture, these can make excellent poultry feed. But as well as feed, poultry farmers also have to spend money on providing heat, particularly to the young birds. Here too, however, it may be possible for them to reduce their costs by using a waste product from a local industry ? charcoal making. In Uganda, trainees at the Katende Harambe Rural Urban Training Centre are taught how to use waste charcoal dust, mixed with other ingredients, to make fuel bricks, called briquettes. Trainer Godfrey Kiyoge explained more to Pius Sawa. IN: ?If you are a poultry farmer ? OUT: ? to combat the what? The desertification.? DUR?N: 4?52? BACK ANNOUNCEMENT: Godfrey Kiyoge with a cost saving way to brood poultry chicks which could also have a reduced impact on the environment. The interview comes from a resource pack produced by CTA. Transcript Kiyoge If you are a poultry farmer, there is what we call a brooder. It?s the place where we put young chicks to provide heat and light for the first 30 days or one month. So there, it requires you to get either bulbs, that is if you have power, or you need to get the charcoal, that is what most people use too. They put on a charcoal stove, they burn it, so that they can provide heat and warmth in the brooder. But at this moment we don?t need to use such because they are expensive, we just use the charcoal dust, we use the sawdust as an alternative, or we can use the silt, that fine soil, plus the grass and water. We mix and we make balls; then we sun dry it so it can dry thoroughly, then we use it in pots to burn it and get heat. Sawa You mean using in pots made out of clay? Kiyoge Yes, pots made out of clay. So you find the production cost is low, because what you have used is got from the farm. We are promoting things which are locally available so that our people can use what is within their reach. And you know, when we talk of charcoal briquettes and other techniques in farming, we look at things which are cheap, which a farmer can adopt. Most of our farmers are poor, they are very poor, they can?t raise too much money to put in such a business. But when you talk of these, they are very cheap. They can get or sell their cabbages which are grown, say, on the veranda, and then able to buy the other ingredients, like the sawdust, something which needs money to buy. Sawa How many chickens can you brood in a period of time using charcoal briquettes, and how many charcoal briquettes do you need to brood those number of chickens? Kiyoge Like in a square metre, 2 square metres, you can get something like 4 or 5 big sized charcoal briquettes that can burn for the first 6 to 8 hours. Sawa Five of them is enough for how many number of chicks? Kiyoge Like a hundred chicks. If it is drought season you don?t need too much heat. But during rainy season, even during day there are times when you need to provide heat. Sawa So you mean in a drought season you use less charcoal briquettes because there is enough heat? Kiyoge Yes, there is heat from the sun and then the environment is hot, and then you don?t need too much. But during the rainy season, because the environment is cool, you need to provide heat. Sawa For how long have you been using charcoal briquettes in poultry? Kiyoge For over 6, 7 years I?ve been using charcoal to brood ? especially here we have the programme for hatching. We use the local chickens to hatch the chicks, instead of using the brooders, exotic brooders and what. So once they are hatched we normally collect them together and then we brood them. To make it more cheap, we use the briquettes, and this is what we have been promoting to our farmers who come here to train. Sawa Has this technology been adopted by many farmers in Uganda? Kiyoge Yes, many farmers now are adopting, and farming industry people are now copying, because this is now the only way how people can get income. Because after the getting the product, like if you are keeping poultry you are targeting two or three things. You are targeting what comes out as waste, which is dung or droppings, which is fed to fish and other animals like goats and cattle, plus pigs. And then you look at the eggs. So if people can use low cost inputs, they can still get more income out of it. Sawa And how sustainable is this technology? Kiyoge The sustainability of the technology, as we know here in Uganda, most of the people are in the business of selling charcoal. So that you find that you have a lot of dust produced. So if one was to collect such, you can get sacks and sacks. Provided that people are still making charcoal as a source of energy for cooking there is sustainability in getting charcoal dust. Sawa And we are talking about environmental protection, and if you say charcoal is to be burned so that people can get the dust and make briquettes. Don?t you think that is one way of impacting on the environment? Kiyoge As an environmentalist I can honestly say that it is not good to make charcoal. People are still making it because that is the only way. And if they are still doing so, we also look at how we can utilise whatever they produce. And this will also help us, if they are to utilise also the dust which is wasted, that means they will reduce on the way people have been cutting trees to combat the what? The desertification. End of track