Controlling internal parasites
MetadataShow full item record
CTA. 2006. Controlling internal parasites. Rural Radio Resource Pack 06/2. Wageningen, The Netherlands: CTA.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/57447
Detecting a worm problem, use of deworming medicines including routine seasonal use, housing that reduces worm infestation.
Controlling internal parasites Cue: Internal parasites, such as worms, are one of the most common factors affecting the health of goats. In fact goats are more vulnerable to these parasites than either cattle or sheep. If a goat suffers from an infestation of worms, the effects on its health are serious, and sometimes fatal. Blood sucking worms, which live in the animal?s gut are the most common problem. These can make the goat anaemic and unhealthy, unable to grow or breed properly. Controlling internal parasites is therefore one of the most important factors in goat production. Many farmers use deworming medicines, and if used regularly these can help to maintain a healthy flock. There are also other management practices that reduce the risk of worm infestation. Worm eggs and larvae are spread in the dung of the animal, so hygiene in goat pens is important. Farmers should avoid grazing there goats on wet or swampy ground. Bushy areas are more likely to be free from worms. Dr Kanemanema, District Veterinary Officer in Lusaka, Zambia, explained more about the problem of internal parasites, and how they can be tackled, to Chris Kakunta. IN: ?In goats we have round worm infestation ?? OUT: ??in preventing worm infestation? Very much.? DUR?N 4?09? BACK ANNOUNCEMENT: Dr Muzumbwe Kanemanema, District Veterinary Officer based in Lusaka, Zambia, on how farmers can reduce worm infestation in their goat flocks. The interview comes from a radio resource pack produced by CTA. Transcript Kanemanema In goats we have round worm infestation, tape worm infestation and they do cause a lot of harm to goat production. Kakunta For a lay man, a small scale farmer, how can they know that their goats are infested with worms? Kanemanema A lay man or a farmer will realise that his goats are infested with worms from, one: goats might be showing signs of diarrhoea. The faecal matter will not be forming those round pellets, it will be in form of diarrhoea. And the second thing is the coats; the hair will be looking dry and they might be showing signs of pot belly. If the infestation is too high the worms might even be showing in the dung. From the faeces which the goats will drop, a farmer might notice that there are small round worms there. Kakunta Now in the event that the farmer notices these symptoms what should they do? Kanemanema Once a farmer notices these symptoms then he should look for medicines we call dewormers, medicines which get rid of worms. These medicines are in various preparations, there are some preparations which are in oral form which can be given in liquid form or in tablet form. Other preparations are in the injectable form. Kakunta Apart from the medicines that you have talked about what else can a farmer do? Perhaps prevention at this point would be important? Kanemanema Yes prevention normally when you are keeping goats is very important and a routine procedure should be arrived at where goats are dewormed every so often, especially during the rainy season because the worm infestation is too high during rainy season, or the wet season favours the worm multiplication. Kakunta Now in terms of this regime, perhaps you can elaborate more so that our listeners would be able to follow how exactly this prevention can be done successfully? Kanemanema With the use of dewormers goat farmers should deworm their goats at least 3 times in a year. And these 3 times, one should be at the beginning of the rainy season, then the second one should be at the middle of the rainy season and the third one should be at the end of the rainy season. If a farmer does this he will find that his goats will be more healthy and their production would be very good. He will realise profits out of it. Kakunta As we come close to the end of the interview Dr Kanemanema, could you perhaps just recap some of the important factors that a farmer should follow in keeping the goats healthy especially with internal parasites? Kanemanema Yes the farmer should make sure that his animals or his goats are dewormed in the frequency we have mentioned and then maybe the housing also matters, it will help on the prevention of these infestations. Because if the goats are going to be sleeping around in the dung, say if one goat is infested and is shedding those eggs and larvae in the faeces then the other goats might pick it. So housing should be in such a way that the dung is dropping down, whereby the animals are not coming into contact with the dung. Kakunta What type of housing are we talking about? Kanemanema A raised house where the floor should actually be allowing dung to go down. Kakunta Can farmers manage to construct such a structure? Kanemanema It is very easy to construct, it is wooden constructed and you know goat dung is in pellets, just the gaps in between the poles down there should be allowing these pellets to drop down. Kakunta So a simple wooden structure can actually go a long way in preventing worm infestation? Kanemanema Very much. End of track.