Effectiveness of farmer field school in promoting coffee management practices: the case of Jimma and Sidama Zones
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Damtie, B.E. Haramaya University, Haramaya (Ethiopia). 2009. Effectiveness of farmer field school in promoting coffee management practices: the case of Jimma and Sidama Zones. MSc thesis (Rural Development and Agricultural Extension). 157p. Haramaya (Ethiopia): Haramaya University.
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/648
This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of the Farmer Field School approach in terms of examining farmers’ selection criteria, their profile and FFS implementation. It was also sought to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of FFS members and nonmembers regarding coffee management practices with reference to coffee wilt disease; and to identify factors influencing knowledge, attitude and practice on coffee management practices among FFS participants. A survey methodology was employed in to a sample of 70 FFS members and 70 non-FFS member farmers chosen proportionately with equal number of respondents from the study areas. Secondary data was collected from sources of reports and documents. In addition, supplementary data was collected from Jimma zone research center and agricultural development offices. The above mentioned institutions have been of vital importance, since they were the major facilitators of these FFS activities in both study areas. There was a significant difference in knowledge, attitude and practice level in coffee management practice particularly with reference to coffee wilt disease by FFS compared to non-FFS respondents. About 67% of the FFS respondents had acquired high level of knowledge while 8.6% and 57.1% of the non-FFS respondents had acquired high to moderate knowledge of coffee management practices respectively, especially with reference to the knowledge of coffee wilt disease. It can be observed from the data 81% and 18.6% of the FFS respondents were grouped under high and moderate attitude respectively, while nearly 55.7% and 38.6% of the non-FFS respondents were placed in high and moderate attitude towards promoting coffee management practices. Majority of FFS respondents 85.7% had high level of knowledge (adopted) regarding improved coffee management practices. However, almost 81.4% and 15.7% of non-FFS respondents were found in medium and high knowledge category of the same practice respectively. As far as influencing variables on knowledge, attitude and practice among FFS participants were concerned, farmer’s experience and interpersonal trust up on knowledge had significant influence on the effectiveness of FFS on coffee management practices. In this study of the analysis of pooled data, there is no as such significant explanatory variable observed, which had considerable effect on attitude of FFS members in promoting coffee management practices. However, creativity and intercropping on practice had significant influence on the effectiveness of FFS on coffee management practices. It was recommended that mainstreaming FFS, and for building it in to national budget streams and creating social networks for interdisciplinary exchange of knowledge and experience for relevant actors working with coffee FFS should be given priority for long term survival of farmer field schools.