Flock size and egg production performance of backyard chicken reared by rural woman in Peshawar, Pakistan
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Javed, K., Farooq, M., Mian, M.A., Durrani, F.R. and Mussawar, S. 2003. Flock size and egg production performance of backyard chicken reared by rural woman in Peshawar, Pakistan. Livestock Research for Rural Development 15(11).
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/66699
Internet URL: http://www.lrrd.org/lrrd15/11/jave1511.htm
A study was conducted during the year 2000 to investigate flock size and egg production performance of backyard chicken maintained by woman in rural areas of Peshawar, NWFP, Pakistan. One hundred and thirty female farmers were selected at random from 13 randomly selected nearby villages of Peshawar city. Average flock size maintained by a household in rural areas of Peshawar was 26.1 Â± 0.69 chicken with a higher number of adult birds (14.5 Â± 0.50) than chicks (11.6 Â± 0.41). Fewer chickens was found in flocks given no housing facility (24.3 Â± 1.02 ) than those given part time housing facility (29.4 Â± 0.85). Higher number of chickens/household was found with flock owners vaccinating their chicken against ND+Fowl-pox than those not vaccinating their chicken against these diseases. On the average 2315 Â± 66.2 eggs were obtained by a household. Egg production/bird irrespective of the breed was found to be 142 Â± 3.17 eggs. Of the total eggs produced, 703 Â± 3.8 eggs were consumed by the household on annual basis. More eggs per bird were produced by Rhode Island Red (RIR) than Desi chicken. Flocks given a part time housing facility produced more eggs/bird than those given no housing. Flocks reared in normal human dwellings also produced higher number of eggs per bird than those given no housing. More eggs/bird were obtained from flocks vaccinated against ND+fowl-pox disease than non-vaccinated flocks. RIR produced higher number of eggs/bird under scavenging conditions than desi, Fayumi and White Leghorn chickens. Effective health coverage, housing facilities and rearing of highly productive chicken will improve backyard chicken production in rural areas of Peshawar.