Effects of trypanosome infection and postpartum liveweight change on resumption of reproductive activity in N'Dama cows
MetadataShow full item record
Agyemang, K., Little, D.A., Mattioli, R., Sonko, E.W and Janneh, L. 1993. Effects of trypanosome infection and postpartum liveweight change on resumption of reproductive activity in N'Dama cows. Theriogenology 39(4): 985-995.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/66895
Data on reproduction, liveweight and trypanosome infection of N'Dama cattle raised under traditional husbandry systems in The Gambia were analyzed to quantify the relative effects of postpartum liveweight change and infection with pathogenic trypanosomes on 2 parameters of reproductive efficiency: the ability to calve within 21 months after the initial parturition and the length of the calving interval. Information for the study was obtained from a database on an epidemiological survey begun in 1985 in The Gambia. Calving records (n=294) from 3 locations were classified on the basis of body weight change and prevalence of trypanosome infection between 1 and 4 months postpartum. Least-squares analyses adjusted for effects of location, season of calving, viability of calf, and parity showed that the proportion of cows that calved within 21 months was 50% for cows, which maintained or lost less than 5% of the initial postpartum weight and 31% for cows, which lost a higher percentage of weight. Corresponding mean calving intervals were 567 and 666 days, respectively (P