Impacts of large-scale investments in agriculture to water resources, ecosystems and livelihoods, and development of policy options [Abstract only]
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Hoa, E.; Chiramba, T.; Williams, Timothy. 2014. Impacts of large-scale investments in agriculture to water resources, ecosystems and livelihoods, and development of policy options [Abstract only] In Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI). Energy and Water. Abstract Volume, World Water Week in Stockholm, Sweden, 31 August-5 September 2014. Stockholm, Sweden: Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI). pp.32.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/67603
ntroduction and objectives: As water availability is a strong driver for the acquisition of agricultural land, the implementation of foreign direct investments in land has also been described as “water grabbing” with severe impact to water and related ecosystems, creating water scarcity and impoverishing local population. The objective is to better understand the impacts of large-scale investments in agriculture to water resources, ecosystems and livelihoods, and to develop policy options for decision-makers for leasing agricultural land without compromising ecosystem services and ensuring equitable benefits including to the affected communities. Methodology approach: As a significant share of a country’s water resources may be used in these land deals, some policy options on land and water acquisition by large-scale investors would ensure that such investments promote food and water security without compromising local and downstream water availability and quality. Legal, political, socio-economic and environmental dimensions of large-scale land deals need to be further investigated to help decision-makers implement beneficial measures and formulate policies and programmes that ensure a wider distribution of such benefits. Analysis, results, conclusions and recommendation: The presentation will showcase :| the current extent and types of agricultural land leases (e.g. identification of the investors, the target countries, the surface area, the types of agricultural activities, etc.)| the drivers of such foreign direct investment (FDI) schemes and the motives for the investment| the pressures for and opportunities presented by implementing such FDI schemes| a classification and qualitative assessment of the environmental and socio-economic impacts, with a focus on water, ecosystem services and livelihoods| an analysis of the current policy and institutional frameworks to manage the FDI schemes and their impacts in 6 countries – (e.g. Ghana & Mali (West Africa); Ethiopia & Tanzania (East Africa); Mozambique & Zambia (Southern Africa) - (in terms of water allocation, protecting ecosystems, dealing with the local population, and monitoring of compliance with provision of agreements and the policy frameworks) and the identification of gaps.| a simulation model of the environmental impacts on water resources and ecosystems services as well as the social effects on livelihoods on one specific River Basin (to be chosen), that could be used a decision-support tool.| outcomes from the technical workshop and the policy dialogue to be held with the policy-makes in Africa in Spring 2014.