Climate and Security in Asia and the Pacific (Food, Water and Energy)
MetadataShow full item record
Heath L, Salinger MJ, Falkland T, Hansen J, Jiang K, Kameyama Y, Kishi M, Lebel L, Meinke H, Morton K, Nikitina E, Shukla PR, White I. 2014. Climate and Security in Asia and the Pacific (Food, Water and Energy). In: Manton M, Stevenson LA, (Eds.). 2014. Climate in Asia and the Pacific. Springer Netherlands. p. 129-198.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/68148
The impacts of increasing natural climate disasters are threatening food security in the Asia-Pacific region. Rice is Asia’s most important staple food. Climate variability and change directly impact rice production, through changes in rainfall, temperature and CO2 concentrations. The key for sustainable rice crop is water management. Adaptation can occur through shifts of cropping to higher latitudes and can profit from river systems (via irrigation) so far not considered. New opportunities arise to produce more than one crop per year in cooler areas. Asian wheat production in 2005 represents about 43 % of the global total. Changes in agronomic practices, such as earlier plant dates and cultivar substitution will be required. Fisheries play a crucial role in providing food security with the contribution of fish to dietary animal protein being very high in the region – up to 90 % in small island developing states (SIDS). With the warming of the Pacific and Indian Oceans and increased acidification, marine ecosystems are presently under stress. Despite these trends, maintaining or enhancing food production from the sea is critical. However, future sustainability must be maintained whilst also securing biodiversity conservation. Improved fisheries management to address the existing non-climate threats remains paramount in the Indian and Pacific Oceans with sustainable management regimes being established. Climate-related impacts are expected to increase in magnitude over the coming decades, thus preliminary adaptation to climate change is valuable.