Determinants of adoption of improved haricot bean production package in Alaba special Woreda, Southern Ethiopia
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Negash, R. Haramaya University, Haramaya (Ethiopia). 2007. Determinants of adoption of improved haricot bean production package in Alaba special Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. MSc (Rural Development and Agricultural Extension). 137p. Haramaya (Ethiopia): Haramaya University.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/682
Haricot bean is considered as the main cash crop and protein source of the farmers in many low lands and mid altitude zones of Ethiopia. The country’s export earning from haricot bean exceeds that of other pulses such as lentils, horse bean and chickpea. Low production and productivity, which are mainly associated with poor adoption of improved technologies and poor marketing system, were among the major problems. Adoption of improved technologies is one of the most promising ways to reduce food insecurity in Ethiopia. However, the adoption and dissemination of these technologies is constrained by various factors. To this end, the aim of this study was to empirically examine factors affecting adoption and intensity of adoption of improved haricot bean production package in the study area. Two stage sampling procedure was followed to select rural kebeles and households for the study. Four rural kebeles were selected purposively, and 160 household heads were selected randomly using probability proportional to size sampling. Structured interview schedule was developed, pre-tested and used for collecting the essential quantitative data for the study from the sampled households. Focus group discussion was used to generate qualitative data. In addition, secondary data were collected from relevant sources such as woreda office of agriculture and rural development and others. The result of the study indicated that majority of farmers in the study area preferred local variety over improved because of local market and consumption demand. Moreover, farmers’ practice was found largely to deviate from research and extension recommendations. Result of the econometric model indicated that household head’s attitude towards haricot bean production technology package, participation in extension event (participation in training and field visit) and access to credit were important variables which had positively and significantly influenced adoption and intensity of adoption of improved haricot bean production package. Where as, perceived relative disadvantage of technology attributes of the household head had shown negative relationship with adoption and intensity of adoption. Some farmers who previously adopted improved haricot bean varieties have discontinued planting the varieties mainly due to market problem. The overall finding of the study underlined the high importance of institutional support in the areas of extension; credit and market to enhance adoption of improved haricot bean production package. Therefore, policy and development interventions should give emphasis to improvement of such institutional support system so as to achieve wider adoption, increased productivity and income to small scale farmers.