Use values and cultural importance of major tropical fruit trees: an analysis from 24 village sites across south and South-East Asia
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Vasudeva, R.; Sthapit, B.; Salma, I.; Changtragoon, S.: Arsanti, I.W.; Gerten, D.; Dum-ampai N.; Rajan, S.; Dinesh, M.R.; Singh, I.P.; Kumar, S.S.; Reddy, B.M.C.; Parthasarathy, V.A.; Ramanatha, R.V. (2015) Use values and cultural importance of major tropical fruit trees: an analysis from 24 village sites across South and South-East Asia. Indian Journal of Plant Genetic Resources 28(1) p. 17-30 ISSN: 0971-8184
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/68327
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Native communities of South and South East Asia, a centre of diversity of tropical fruit trees (TFT), share a common cultural heritage associated with tropical fruits. Unfortunately, there is a dramatic loss of traditional knowledge associated with TFTs. This comparative study was undertaken in 24 village communities spread across India, Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand using structured questionnaires and multiple approaches to document use-value of TFTs. Considering only four focal genera of TFT species viz., Mangifera, Garcinia, Citrus and Nephelium, an amazing diversity of 56 species was reported to be utilized by the communities. Ranking of species based on the number of use-categories and based on the cultural importance value showed differences. Mangifera indica, Citrus aurantifolia and C. reticulata were the three extensively used TFTs as food and for processing. As revealed by Jaccards’ index, three South East Asian countries showed a higher similarity among themselves than India. M. indica, M. pajang, M. foetida, G. morella, G. atroviridis, G. mangostana, C. hystrix, C. aurantifolia and C. grandis were culturally the most significant TFTs and hence may be conserved with high priority.