Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Bure woreda
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Feleke, A. Haramaya University, Haramaya (Ethiopia). 2008. Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Bure woreda. DVM thesis (Veterinary Medicine). 41p. Haramaya (Ethiopia): Haramaya University.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/692
A study was conducted to identify the major animal health problems and to look at the production system in Bure woreda from September 2007 to March 2008. Questionnaire Survey was carried out on 80 livestock owners to collect information on the livestock production system and the major health problems recognized by farmers. Participatory discussion was also made with animal health staffs and case observational study was on 794 diseased animals, which constitute 422 cattle, 300 sheep, 16 goat and 56 equines was undertaken to identify diseases that frequently affect animals in the area during the study time. The questionnaire survey revealed that mixed crop livestock production system is predominant in the area. The livestock herd was dominated by cattle and sheep. The main role of cattle in the farming system is as a source of traction power for crop production while small ruminants as source of income. Equines were used as transport animals. The livestock feeding was mainly based on farm feed resources (croup residues and natural pasture). About 46.09% provided housing for livestock while the rest keep there animals in the open. Uncontrolled natural mating was used by 90.54% of the farmers while 8.1% used controlled natural mating and 1.35 % used AI. In cattle trypanosomosis, fasciolosis,lumpy skin disease, calf diarrhea and anthrax were the most important diseases.Respiratory problems were the most important in small ruminants. Colic and respiratory problems were considered important in donkeys. In poultry NCD was the most devastating disease. Results of the case observational study also indicated that fasciolosis(22.03%), Gastrointestinal parasitism(17.06%),lumpy skin disease(18.7%) and trypanosomosis(6.64%) in cattle, fasciolsis(37.3%) and respiratory problems(30.3%) in sheep, respiratory problem (75%)in goat and wound(39.28%) and epizootics lymoangitis(37.5%) in equine were the leading cases diagnosed. Results indicated the need for expansion of veterinary services, introduction of alternative animal feed sources and detailed epidemiological study.