Tributary-level transboundary water law in the Syr Darya: overlooked stories of practical water cooperation
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Holmatov, Bunyod; Lautze, Jonathan; Kazbekov, Jusipbek. 2015. Tributary-level transboundary water law in the Syr Darya: overlooked stories of practical water cooperation. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 35p. (Online first). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10784-015-9308-3
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/69366
Conventional emphasis on basin-wide water management has often resulted in the formation of transboundary water law on the basin or near basin scale. In Central Asia, however, the Syr Darya Basin possesses an abundance of tributary-level cooperative agreements that guide and codify water sharing and management on the sub-basin scale. To understand the volume and nature of this cooperation, this paper compiled and analyzed a set of agreements that apply to small transboundary tributaries (STTs) in the Syr Darya Basin. The paper assembled the largest collection of STT water agreements—123 in total—and classified such documents according to a range of criteria including: purpose and objectives, water management issues, and operational mechanisms. Results of this work highlight a rise in sub-basin-scale cooperation in the first decade of the twenty-first century, a time when large-scale cooperation appeared tenuous; a practical orientation to transboundary water management at a small scale; and an abundance of treaties of short time duration. These findings present options related to scale, time duration and focus of transboundary water law that can help inform future treaty development.
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