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dc.contributor.authorCarter, N.A.
dc.contributor.authorDewey, C.E.
dc.contributor.authorThomas, L.F.
dc.contributor.authorLukuyu, Ben A.
dc.contributor.authorGrace, Delia
dc.contributor.authorLange, C. de
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-13T09:21:10Z
dc.date.available2016-01-13T09:21:10Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationCarter, N.A., Dewey, C.E., Thomas, L.F., Lukuyu, B., Grace, D. and Lange, C. de. 2016. Nutrient requirements and low-cost balanced diets, based on seasonally available local feedstuffs, for local pigs on smallholder farms in western Kenya. Tropical Animal Health and Production 48(2): 337-347.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0049-4747
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10568/69521
dc.description.abstractGrowth performance of pigs on smallholder farms in the tropics is low. Lack of feedstuffs, seasonal feed shortages, and feeding nutritionally unbalanced diets contribute to slow growth. Low-cost balanced diets are needed to improve pig performance. In this study, we estimated the nutrient requirements of local pigs on smallholder farms in Kenya and developed balanced low-cost diets using seasonally available local feedstuffs. Diets were formulated to provide pigs with 80 % of the nutrient density in corn and soybean meal-based (reference) diets to minimize the cost per unit of energy and other nutrients. Estimated requirements for starting and growing pigs (8 to 35 kg body weight) were as follows: digestible energy (DE) 2960 kcal/kg of dry matter (DM), standardized ileal digestibility (SID) lysine 5.8 g/kg of DM, calcium 2.8 g/kg of DM, standardized total tract digestible (STTD) phosphorous 1.4 g/kg of DM, and crude protein 85 g/kg of DM. Nutrient requirements of local pigs on smallholder farms in Kenya were lower than those of exotic breed pigs raised in commercial settings. Seasonally available local feedstuffs were used to develop low-cost balanced diets. Twenty-two diets are presented based on season, cost, and feedstuff availability. This study has broad applicability as a case study of an approach that could be applied in other tropical regions in which smallholder pig keeping is practiced and where local feedstuffs for pigs are available seasonally.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.sourceTropical Animal Health and Productionen_US
dc.subjectSWINEen_US
dc.subjectANIMAL FEEDINGen_US
dc.titleNutrient requirements and low-cost balanced diets, based on seasonally available local feedstuffs, for local pigs on smallholder farms in western Kenyaen_US
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.authorship.typesCGIAR and advanced research instituteen_US
cg.subject.ilriANIMAL FEEDINGen_US
cg.subject.ilriFEEDSen_US
cg.subject.ilriPIGSen_US
cg.identifier.statusLimited Accessen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Guelphen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationInternational Livestock Research Instituteen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Edinburghen_US
cg.targetaudienceSCIENTISTSen_US
cg.fulltextstatusFormally Publisheden_US
cg.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-015-0957-6en_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
cg.coverage.regionAFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEAST AFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.countryKENYAen_US
cg.contributor.crpLivestock and Fish
cg.contributor.crpAgriculture for Nutrition and Health


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