Conflict in protected areas: who says co-management does not work?
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De Pourcq, K.; Thomas, E.; Arts, B.; Vranckx, A.; Leon-Sicard, T.; Van Damme, P. (2015) Conflict in protected areas: who says co-management does not work? PLOS ONE 10(12): e0144943. ISSN: 1932-6203
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/69529
Natural resource-related conflicts can be extremely destructive and undermine environmental protection. Since the 1990s co-management schemes, whereby the management of resources is shared by public and/or private sector stakeholders, have been a main strategy for reducing these conflicts worldwide. Despite initial high hopes, in recent years co-management has been perceived as falling short of expectations. However, systematic assessments of its role in conflict prevention or mitigation are non-existent. Interviews with 584 residents from ten protected areas in Colombia revealed that co-management can be successful in reducing conflict at grassroots level, as long as some critical enabling conditions, such as effective participation in the co-management process, are fulfilled not only on paper but also by praxis. We hope these findings will re-incentivize global efforts to make co-management work in protected areas and other common pool resource contexts, such as fisheries, agriculture, forestry and water management.