CIAT, CIMMYT, and CIP : their role in agricultural research in Latin America and the Caribbean
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Janssen, Willem G.; Crissman, Charles C.; Henry, Guy; López Pereira, Miguel A.; Sanint, Luis Roberto; Walker, Tom. 1992. CIAT, CIMMYT, and CIP : Their role in agricultural research in Latin America and the Caribbean. Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT); Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo (CIMMYT); Centro Internacional de la Papa (CIP), Cali, CO. 54 p. (CIAT publication no. 213)
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/69585
The report discusses how CIMMYT, CIP, and CIAT interact to develop agriculture, particularly in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), according to new research trends directed toward environmental conservation and management. Concrete examples are given of achievements so far attained. Five fundamental criteria should be applied in agricultural R&D: relevancy, social productivity, complementarity, flexibility, and profitability. The report confirms the importance of the three IARCs to LAC and their influence on food production indicators, which, during 1966 to 1989, increased for wheat (95.5 percent), rice (93.5 percent), maize (58.2 percent), beans (11.9 percent), potato (56.5 percent), meat (22.5 percent), and milk (34.3 percent). In Bolivia, the area planted to beans increased from 3,000 ha in 1989 to 26,000 ha in 1991. Also discussed are the factors generating changes in the production, food consumption patterns, and marketing of the products researched by CIAT, CIP, and CIMMYT. The impact of these centers on LAC agriculture is examined in terms of development of improved germplasm; institutional development by strengthening research capacities; development of methodologies; networking and information exchange; crop research and management; and postharvest issues. The benefits likely to be produced by research on these basic products by the year 2010 are also estimated. CIAT, CIP, and CIMMYT will explore other dimensions of technology generation related to economic growth with equity, sustainability, and collaborative efforts with the private sector. Research on the production systems of these commodities must continue if these expected benefits are to be obtained.
DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS; ECONOMIC INDICATORS; PRODUCTION DATA; MANIHOT ESCULENTA; PHASEOLUS VULGARIS; ORYZA SATIVA; FEED CROPS; WHEATS; POTATOES; MEAT PRODUCTION; MILK PRODUCTION; CONSUMPTION; INNOVATION ADOPTION; RICE; LATIN AMERICA; CARIBBEAN; INDICADORES DE DESARROLLO; INDICADORES ECONÓMICOS; DATOS DE PRODUCCIÓN; MANIHOT ESCULENTA; PHASEOLUS VULGARIS; ORYZA SATIVA; PLANTAS FORRAJERAS; TRIGO; PAPA; PRODUCCIÓN DE CARNE; PRODUCCIÓN LECHERA; CONSUMO; ADOPCIÓN DE INNOVACIONES; ARROZ; AMÉRICA LATINA; CARIBE