Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Alaba woreda, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region
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Mekonnen, K. Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa (Ethiopia). 2007. Major animal health problems of market oriented livestock development in Alaba woreda, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region. DVM thesis (Veterinary Medicine). 40p. Addis Ababa (Ethiopia): Addis Ababa University.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/699
A study was conducted to identify the major animal health problems and to look at the animal production system in Alaba Woreda, of the Southern Nations and Nationalities People Region from December 2006 to May 2007. A total of 80 respondents were selected from four peasant associations and interviewed using structured questionnaire. Focus group discussion was also made with key respondents from each PA and the participants described the major husbandry problems in their area. Retrospective study has been done on the past four year clinic record and a two year abattoir record. The results reveled that Mixed crop-livestock production system is the predominant system in the area in which animals are kept in very limited grazing land. Cattle were the most dominant from the animal species and kept primarily for draft power and milk purposes also as a source of income. Communal housing for both the families and animals were the characteristic of most households. Livestock feeding mainly relay on crop residues (maize stover and cereal straw). There is a wide use of traditional salt sources. In cattle anthrax was the most frequently mentioned disease problems. In all age groups of sheep and goats, fasciolosis was the major constraint. The second and third important diseases in sheep and goats were Anthrax and pasteurellosis. In equines the predominant health problems were epizootic Lymphangitis. NCD and respiratory diseases were the most frequently mentioned poultry diseases. An investigation made on the clinic records shows the highest proportion of cases recorded for LSD, anthrax, pneumonia and endoparasitic cases. Major organ condemnation at the abattoir reveals that liver was the organ condemned the most followed by lung and heart. Result of the present study suggests the need for an in depth study on the exact prevalence of diseases of major importance as well as on their control strategies to compete in the current attractive market.