Analysis of agricultural input supply system: the case of Dale Woreda, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Region
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Kubayo, K.S. Haramaya University, Haramaya (Ethiopia). 2009. Analysis of agricultural input supply system: the case of Dale Woreda, Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ Region. MSc thesis (Agricultural Communication and Innovation). 110p. Haramaya (Ethiopia): Haramaya University.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/703
The farming sub-sector of Ethiopia is characterized by traditional rainfed and low techniques of production and thus, is prone to the recurrent natural calamity of drought, which leaves famine and death in its wake. Today, farmers in Ethiopia have difficulties in feeding their households on their increasingly fragmenting land, using traditional and backward techniques of production. Hence the drastic need to improve agricultural productivity and production through the adoption and adaptation of improved agricultural technologies and techniques is apparent. For modernize agriculture, a strong support system involving input supplies and other services like marketing, transport, storage, processing etc. are inevitable. This study is intended to analyze the agricultural input demand –supply system of the study area; to map the actors and their linkages, knowledge and information flows, to identify influential factors for the smooth functioning of the system and to explore the influence of policy in providing an enabling environment in relation to the input demand-supply system in Dale Woreda, Sidama Zone, SNNPR. Three stages sampling were used in which both nonrandom sampling and random sampling procedures were followed to select four Peasant Associations and 200 respondents. Structured interview schedule and questionnaires were used for collecting the essential quantitative and qualitative data from the sampled respondents and input suppliers respectively. To generate qualitative data, field observations; informal interview with key informants; and discussions with separate focus groups were conducted. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools chi-square test, Cramer’s V, Pearson and Spearman’s rho Correlation coefficient, and Multiple Linear Regressions from inferential statistics. The major output of the study indicates that the system is highly characterized by relatively poor linkage and inefficient knowledge flow between actors and farmers in the study area. Moreover, input demand supply index was significantly influenced by household head age, active labor force of the family, access to market, extension contact and type of road used. In addition to this, from the supply sector factors like organizational mandatory clarity, sufficient and irrigable seed farm, skilled man power, delay of temporary loan settlement by users, policy environment, storage facilities at grass root level, efficient marketing system, timely demand claims from users, clearly defined role and responsibilities of each partner, availability of improved seeds in terms of their germination, viability and adaptability, research centers cooperation and willingness to share resources including knowledge, farmers willingness to take risks and demand for improved crop varieties were some of mentioned factors that influence the system positively and/or negatively. As to the enabling policy environment, pitfalls identified were; inflexibility of rules and regulations, lack of strong quarantine measures on imported seeds and prolonged time given for variety release and registration were amongst all. Therefore, it is recommended that, the existing extension service should be strengthened in a way that working in harmony with relevant actors to bring about change for efficient and effective delivery of agricultural inputs/services. Likewise, policy should account the flexibility of rules on credit provision and organization of small farmers groups in addressing resource poor farmers to ensure food self sufficiency of rural community in particular and the nation at large.