This systematic review was carried out between July 2010 and December 2011. The objective was to synthesize best available scientific knowledge about zoonotic disease transmission through direct or indirect interactions between domestic livestock and wildlife.

Emphasis was on risk factors, drivers and trajectories of transmission, and promising interventions for controlling important zoonoses based on managing domestic livestock/wildlife interaction.

The review considered eight themes:

  • Transmission routes and wildlife
  • Pathogen recombination
  • Risk factors for transmission
  • Drivers influencing interaction
  • Historical changes and trends
  • Livestock production systems
  • Socio-economic, institutional and political factors
  • Risk management and control


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