Determinants of adoption of improved box hive in Atsbi Wemberta District of Eastern Zone, Tigray Region
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Abebe, W. Haramaya University, Haramaya (Ethiopia). 2007. Determinants of adoption of improved box hive in Atsbi Wemberta District of Eastern Zone, Tigray Region. MSc thesis (Rural Development and Agricultural Extension). 115p. Haramaya (Ethiopia): Haramaya University.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/714
Though beekeeping is a common farming enterprise and income generating activity in Atsbi Wemberta, and promotional efforts were made to improve it, no systematic study has been undertaken to evaluate the promotional efforts and people’s response to it. The objectives of the study were to identify determinants of improved box hive adoption by the beekeepers; and to analyze financial benefits of adopting improved box hive technology in Atsbi Wemberta district of Eastern Zone, Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Stratified sampling technique was employed to identify the sample respondents. The sample respondents were categorized into adopters and non-adopters of improved box hive. Based on probability proportional to size 45 adopters and 85 non-adopters were identified out of 130 total sample respondents. The data were collected using structured interview schedule, group discussion, key informant discussion and observation; and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, partial budgeting, and logit model. The logit model reveals that credit, Knowledge, education level of household head, perception and visit demonstration were positively and significantly influencing adoption of improved box hive, whereas age, family size, extension contact, market availability and beekeeping training were not significantly influencing adoption of improved box hive. Concerning financial benefit, partial budgeting result reveals that the beekeepers benefited by adopting improved box hive. The total net benefit from improved box hives exceeds the benefit from traditional hive by more than twice. Major problems for promoting improved beekeeping practices were identified in the study area. Ranking revealed that drought; honeybee pests and disease; lack of beekeeping materials; death of colony; lack of extension support; marketing problem; shortage of bee forage; lack of beekeeping skill and reduction of honeybee colonies were found to be the major constraints in the beekeeping development of the district in their order of importance. Cost of improved box hive was also found to be one of the determining factors for the technology promotion. Hence, it is recommended that Beekeeping extension, Research and NGOs should enhance research and extension activities on absconding management, selecting moisture stress tolerant bee forage, developing a technology from locally available materials, promotion of ant protection methods and organizing apiary demonstration.