Situation Analysis and Needs Assessment Report for Ma Village and Yan Bai Province, Vietnam
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Pham TS, Hieu DT, Hoan LK, Quyen LN , San LV, Ferrer AJ, Yen BT, and Sebastian LS. 2015. Situation Analysis and Needs Assessment Report for Ma Village and Yan Bai Province, Vietnam. Copenhagen, Denmark: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/72437
Ma village is one of the 15 villages of Vinh Kien commune, Yen Binh district, Yen Bai province in the northern mountainous region of Viet Nam. Ma village was selected as a site for the Climate Smart Village (CSV) development under the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). It has a topography, landscape and climate conditions representing most in the region and faces increasing challenges caused by climate variability, natural resources degradation, and environmental pollution. The village’s current production systems have low sustainability and profits. Maize and cassava are largely produced in dominant monoculture systems on sloping lands representing most of the village’s total arable lands, while rice is planted in a small area. Slash and burn practices are used largely in sloping lands, while unbalanced fertilizer levels (often with too much nitrogen) are applied for all the crops, and integrated pest management is yet to be promoted. All these have caused high intensity soil erosion, land degradation, and GHG emission. In addition, improper waste management, particularly from cassava, has resulted in severe water pollution in all river and lake systems. Organizations are present to support Ma village and the province in the areas of agriculture, forestry, food security, and climate change adaptation and mitigation. However, coordination between organizations remains poor. The local systems currently do not have the capacity to solve the multiple problems in the village. Human and financial resources. Inadequate. Support from CCAFS in important to help the village address the increasing problems caused by climate change, water pollution, soil erosion, and land degradation.
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