Farmers' crop varieties and farmers' rights: challenges in taxonomy and law
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Halewood, M. (ed.) (2016) Farmers' crop varieties and farmers' rights: challenges in taxonomy and law. Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity. London: Routledge, 406 p. ISBN: 9781844078912
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/73252
Internet URL: https://www.routledge.com/products/9781844078912
Over the last 50 years there has been a growing appreciation of the important role that farmers play in the development and conservation of crop genetic diversity, and the contribution of that diversity to agro-ecosystem resilience and food security. This book examines policies that aim to increase the share of benefits that farmers receive when others use the crop varieties that they have developed and managed, i.e., ‘farmers varieties’. In so doing, the book addresses two fundamental questions. The first question is ‘how do farmer management practices – along with other factors such as environment and the breeding systems of plants – affect the evolution and maintenance of discrete farmers’ varieties?’ The second question is ‘how can policies that depend on being able to identify discrete plant varieties accommodate the agricultural realities associated with the generation, use and maintenance of farmers’ varieties?’ This focus on discreteness is topical because there are no fixed, internationally recognized taxonomic or legal definitions of farmers’ varieties. And that presents a challenge when developing policies that involve making specific, discrete farmers’ varieties the subject of legal rights or privileges.