Emergence, interpretations and translations of IWRM [Integrated Water Resources Management] in South Africa
MetadataShow full item record
Movik, S.; Mehta, L.; van Koppen, Barbara. 2016. Emergence, interpretations and translations of IWRM [Integrated Water Resources Management] in South Africa. Water Alternatives, 9(3):456-472.
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/78535
External link to download this item: http://www.water-alternatives.org/index.php/alldoc/articles/vol9/v9issue3/332-a9-3-7/file
South Africa is often regarded to be at the forefront of water reform, based on Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) ideas. This paper explores how the idea of IWRM emerged in South Africa, its key debates and interpretations and how it has been translated. It maps out the history, main events, key people, and implementation efforts through a combination of reviews of available documents and in-depth semi-structured interviews with key actors. While South Africa sought to draw on experiences from abroad when drawing up its new legislation towards the end of the 1990s, the seeds of IWRM were already present since the 1970s. What emerges is a picture of multiple efforts to get IWRM to 'work' in the South African context, but these efforts failed to take sufficient account of the South African history of deep structural inequalities, the legacy of the hydraulic mission, and the slowness of water reallocation to redress past injustices. The emphasis on institutional structures being aligned with hydrological boundaries has formed a major part of how IWRM has been interpreted and conceptualised, and it has turned out to become a protracted power struggle reflecting the tensions between centralised and decentralised management.
- IWMI Journal Articles 
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Title:L?eau, source de richesse et de securite alimentaire: soutenir les investissements dans la gestion de l?eau en agriculture axes sur les agriculteurs. Rapport de synthese du projet AgWater Solutions. In French [Water for wealth and food security: supporting farmer-driven investments in agricultural water management. Synthesis report of the AgWater Solutions Project] Date:2012Type:ReportStatus:Open Access
Title:National Water Conference on Status and Future Directions of Water Research in Sri Lanka, BMICH, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 4-6 November 1998. Session 19: Groundwater I; Session 20: Water management challenges; Session 21: Crop water use Date:1998Type:Conference ProceedingsStatus:Open Access
Title:National Water Conference on Status and Future Directions of Water Research in Sri Lanka, BMICH, Colombo, Sri Lanka, 4-6 November 1998. Session 22: Groundwater II; Session 23: Water management research needs; Session 24: Water allocation Date:1998Type:Conference ProceedingsStatus:Open Access