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dc.contributor.authorOjango, Julie M.K.
dc.contributor.authorWasike, C.B.
dc.contributor.authorEnahoro, Dolapo K.
dc.contributor.authorOkeyo Mwai, Ally
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-17T09:56:29Z
dc.date.available2017-02-17T09:56:29Z
dc.date.issued2016-12-30
dc.identifier.citationOjango, J.M.K., Wasike, C.B., Enahoro, D.K. and Okeyo, A.M. 2016. Dairy production systems and the adoption of genetic and breeding technologies in Tanzania, Kenya, India and Nicaragua. Animal Genetic Resources 59:81-95.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2078-6344
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10568/79913
dc.description.abstractDevelopment of the livestock industry and its role in poverty alleviation in developing countries depends on how adaptive the production systems are to changing global environmental and economic trends. This paper characterizes dairy production systems in India, Tanzania, Kenya and Nicaragua, and describes the genetic and breeding technologies that hold promise for the advancement of global development goals. The dairy value chain has been prioritized for development under the CGIAR research programme on Livestock and Fish in Tanzania (East Africa), India (South Asia) and Nicaragua (Latin America), while ILRI is involved in research on dairy development in Kenya. In all the countries, a large number of smallholder farmers operating mixed crop–livestock production systems play a significant role in dairy production. In Tanzania, Kenya and Nicaragua, milk is predominantly produced by cattle of genotypes that differ both across countries and among production systems within the same country. In India, buffaloes contribute to a larger proportion of the national milk than cattle. Information on productivity per animal and on optimal genotypes to utilize within the smallholder production systems of all the countries is however limited. Crossbreeding and artificial insemination were identified as the most widely utilized breeding and reproductive technologies. Only in Kenya is there a national organization conducting livestock recording and monitoring productivity, however, the proportion of the dairy cattle population enrolled in the recording system is small (<2.5 percent). In all the countries, enhanced and adequately planned use of breeding and reproductive technologies, complemented with the relevant infrastructure, is needed to sustainably increase dairy productivity. The capacities of actors in the dairy value chain need to be developed in order to properly implement and manage improvements.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.sourceAnimal Genetic Resourcesen_US
dc.subjectANIMAL BREEDINGen_US
dc.subjectDAIRIESen_US
dc.subjectGENETICSen_US
dc.titleDairy production systems and the adoption of genetic and breeding technologies in Tanzania, Kenya, India and Nicaraguaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.authorship.typesCGIAR and developing country instituteen_US
cg.subject.ilriANIMAL BREEDINGen_US
cg.subject.ilriANIMAL PRODUCTIONen_US
cg.subject.ilriDAIRYINGen_US
cg.subject.ilriGENETICSen_US
cg.subject.ilriLIVESTOCKen_US
cg.identifier.statusOpen Accessen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationInternational Livestock Research Instituteen_US
cg.contributor.affiliationMaseno Universityen_US
cg.targetaudienceSCIENTISTSen_US
cg.fulltextstatusFormally Publisheden_US
cg.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1017/S2078633616000096en_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
cg.coverage.regionAFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.regionASIAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEAST AFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.regionSOUTH ASIAen_US
cg.coverage.regionSOUTHERN AFRICAen_US
cg.coverage.countryINDIAen_US
cg.coverage.countryKENYAen_US
cg.coverage.countryNICARAGUAen_US
cg.coverage.countryTANZANIAen_US
cg.contributor.crpLivestock and Fish
cg.contributor.crpPolicies, Institutions and Markets
cg.creator.idOjango J.M.K.: 0000-0003-0224-5370
cg.creator.idDolapo Enahoro: 0000-0002-4927-5617


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