Serologic evidence for influenza C and D virus among ruminants and camelids, Africa, 1991–2015
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Salem, E., Cook, E.A.J., Lbacha, H.A., Oliva, J., Awoume, F., Aplogan, G.L., Hymann, E.C., Muloi, D., Deem, S.L., Alali, S., Zouagui, Z., Fèvre, E.M., Meyer, G. and Ducatez, M.F. 2017. Serologic evidence for influenza C and D virus among ruminants and camelids, Africa, 1991–2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases 23(9): 1556–1559.
Permanent link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/83355
Influenza D virus has been identified in America, Europe, and Asia. We detected influenza D virus antibodies in cattle and small ruminants from North (Morocco) and West (Togo and Benin) Africa. Dromedary camels in Kenya harbored influenza C or D virus antibodies, indicating a potential new host for these viruses.