An assessment of integrated watershed management in Ethiopia
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Gebregziabher, Gebrehaweria; Abera, D. A.; Gebresamuel, G.; Giordano, Meredith; Langan, Simon. 2016. An assessment of integrated watershed management in Ethiopia. Colombo, Sri Lanka: International Water Management Institute (IWMI).. 28p. (IWMI Working Paper 170) doi: 10.5337/2016.214
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/89467
External link to download this item: http://www.iwmi.cgiar.org/Publications/Working_Papers/working/wor170.pdf
Sustainable participatory watershed management is an approach promoted by the Ethiopian government to restore natural resources and agricultural productivity across the country. This comparative study between six watershed programs shows that this approach increases farmers’ food security and incomes (around 50% on average), as well as their resilience to drought and other climate shocks. However, the study also confirms that the nature and scale of impact can vary significantly between watershed programs. The success of watershed management depends on multiple factors from the hydrological profile of the watershed to the local social and economic environment. Tailoring watershed interventions to the local context, associating conservation and livelihoods activities, and providing further financial and technical support to watershed committees are among the recommendations of this paper.
INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT; EROSION; SOIL FERTILITY; LAND PRODUCTIVITY; GRAZING LANDS; WATER AVAILABILITY; SURFACE WATER; FARMERS; DOWNSTREAM; WATER HARVESTING; GROUNDWATER RECHARGE; RAINWATER; BIODIVERSITY; CROP PRODUCTION; FARM INCOME; RESOURCE MANAGEMENT; COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT; LIVING STANDARDS; INSTITUTIONS; SOCIOECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT; UPSTREAM; SOIL TEXTURE