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dc.contributor.authorKankolongo, M.A.
dc.contributor.authorHell, K.
dc.contributor.authorNawa, I.N.
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-15T10:50:48Z
dc.date.available2018-01-15T10:50:48Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationKankolongo, M.A., Hell, K. & Nawa, I.N. (2009). Assessment for fungal, mycotoxin and insect spoilage in maize stored for human consumption in Zambia. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 89(8), 1366-1375.
dc.identifier.issn0022-5142
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10568/90192
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Maize constitutes the main staple food and most important crop grown in Zambia. However, maize incursconsiderable losses both in field and storage due to pathogens and insects. Some of the pathogens and resultant mycotoxinsreduce the nutritional quality of the product. Mycotoxins are toxigenic fungal compounds that can cause cancer and suppressgrowth. In spite of this health hazard, there has been very little research to document their occurrence. Maize grains stored forhuman consumption were sampled from different agro-ecosystems (forest, valley and plateau areas) of three agroecologicalzones (high, mid and low altitude).RESULTS: Several fungal genera were recovered among whichAspergillus flavus, A. niger, Fusarium verticillioides, F. solani,Rhizopus stoloniferandPenicilliumspp. were prevalent. The weevilSitophilus zeamaisand the larger grain borerProstephanustruncatuswere the most damaging. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) tests yielded fumonisins and aflatoxinsranging between 0.02 and 21.44 ppm, and 0.7 and 108.39 ppb in 96.4% and 21.4% of samples, respectively. Fumonisin wasmore pronounced in villages in forest areas whereas aflatoxin was highest in valley and forest areas in Zone II.CONCLUSION: Strategic interventions to curtail fungal, mycotoxin and insect contamination should be directed towardsimproved agronomic and post-harvest practices of maize from fields to consumers.
dc.description.sponsorshipInternational Fund for Agricultural Research
dc.format.extent1366-1375
dc.language.isoen
dc.sourceJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
dc.subjectZEA MAYSL
dc.subjectASPERGILLUS FLAVUS
dc.subjectFUSARIUM VERTICILLIOIDES
dc.subjectPROSTEPHANUS TRUNCATES
dc.subjectSITOPHILUS ZEAMAIS
dc.subjectMYCOTOXINS
dc.subjectPOST-HARVEST LOSSES
dc.subjectFOOD SECURITY|DROUGHT
dc.subjectFUNGI
dc.subjectAFLATOXIN
dc.titleAssessment for fungal, mycotoxin and insect spoilage in maize stored for human consumption in Zambia
dc.description.versionPeer Review
dc.typeJournal Article
cg.authorship.typesCGIAR and developing country institute
cg.subject.iitaAFLATOXIN
cg.subject.iitaCROP HUSBANDRY
cg.subject.iitaDISEASE CONTROL
cg.subject.iitaFOOD SECURITY
cg.subject.iitaHANDLING, TRANSPORT, STORAGE AND PROTECTION OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
cg.subject.iitaMAIZE
cg.subject.iitaLIVELIHOODS
cg.subject.iitaPESTS OF PLANTS
cg.subject.iitaPLANT DISEASES
cg.identifier.statusLimited Access
cg.contributor.affiliationCopperbelt University
cg.contributor.affiliationInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture
cg.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Zambia
cg.fulltextstatusFormally Published
cg.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.3596
cg.isijournalISI Journal
cg.coverage.regionAFRICA
cg.coverage.regionSOUTHERN AFRICA
cg.coverage.regionWEST AFRICA
cg.coverage.countryZAMBIA
cg.coverage.countryBENIN


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