IFAD’s ASAP Gender Assessment and Learning Review
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Hill C, Scarborough G. 2018. IFAD’s ASAP Gender Assessment and Learning Review. Wageningen, the Netherlands: CGIAR Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
Permanent link to cite or share this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10568/91013
This report presents the findings and recommendations from a gender assessment and learning review of IFAD’s Adaptation in Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP). This review is a reality-check into how ASAP-supported projects are translating project design commitments to gender equality and women’s empowerment into implementation practice. It is intended to provide reflections on how implementation practice is likely to contribute to outcomes for gender equality and women’s empowerment. The Paris Climate Agreement of 2015 provides clear recognition of the obligations of all parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to human rights, gender equality, empowerment of women, and intergenerational equity. The agreement states, for example: “Parties acknowledge that adaptation should follow a country-driven, gender-responsive, participatory and fully transparent approach” (p.25). At the same time, the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) that comprise the substance of the commitments that underpin the Paris Agreement, and related climate policy frameworks and plans (e.g. the National Adaptation Plans), are weak and inconsistent in integrating an understanding of gender equality and women’s empowerment and the ways in which gender differences matter for climate change adaptation and mitigation. The challenges and opportunities for agriculture when it comes to both climate change adaptation and mitigation loom large in the NDCs and the NAPs. For some years, key organizations and donors in small-scale agriculture and rural livelihoods have worked hard to understand the specific challenges that women as well as men face in increasing incomes, productivity, resilience and food and nutrition security. Organizational policies, guidelines and investments have been developed to address the challenges of providing clear access for women and men to opportunities for economic empowerment, and commitments have been made to support progress towards gender equality through investments in development policies and practices. Similar efforts and initiatives are being made across the globe in national policies and sectoral commitments in agriculture, livestock and natural resources management. Yet practice is challenging. Turning commitments into tangible activities takes sustained effort, shared understanding of the goals, and spaces to learn and reflect with partners, small-scale producers, and community leaders about what is relevant and impactful in different contexts. Technical specialists, with training and experience in specific agricultural practices may not feel confident or comfortable exploring how gender dynamics affect how those practices are made available to women as well as men, and how gender roles in households can affect who benefits from adopting certain practices. Implementing agencies, from government departments to non-governmental organizations, face significant resource constraints, and can find the demands of in-depth gender and social analysis or evaluation too onerous for staff capacities and budgets. Many stakeholders in projects may intuitively understand that transformations in the ways that gender roles and behaviours are critical to the success of projects, but it is difficult to conceptualize what ‘gender-transformative’ looks like in terms of project activities. While this report presents key findings, conclusions and recommendations from a gender assessment and learning review of eight country cases of ASAP-supported projects, it should be recognized that 5 ASAP Gender Assessment and Learning Review – Final Report these likely apply to a range of projects and investments being implemented and developed in the arena of small-scale agriculture and adaptation to climate change in rural livelihoods. It is therefore hoped that this report can provide the basis for further collaboration between IFAD, CARE and CCAFS.
SubjectsGENDER AND SOCIAL INCLUSION;
- CCAFS Reports