Endemic diseases and agriculture
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Roesel, K. 2019. Endemic diseases and agriculture. In: Ferranti, P., Berry, E.M. and Anderson, J.R. (eds), Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability 3: 454–462.
Permanent link to cite or share this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10568/97600
Endemic diseases are permanently present in a given population and at steady and predictable levels. In low- and middle-income countries these levels are usually higher, and some diseases only exist in those countries. They impact human livelihoods directly either through causing diseases (zoonoses) or severe economic losses. A number of these endemic diseases are controllable, for some even global eradication programs exist. More so often, the lack of awareness among decision makers, or the lack of infrastructure to deliver extension messages and animal health services helps perpetuating diseases and thus poverty in agri-food systems in low- and middle-income countries.
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